Sunday, February 28, 2016

A poem for students

A Student...

My school of thought, it’s beyond schools.
My universe, it’s beyond universities.
My world, it’s everywhere.
I study, I am.
I am a student.

Newton, I made you OBSERVE gravity.
Faraday, I made you DISCOVER electricity.
Einstein, I made you IMAGINE relativity.
Darwin, I made you EXPLORE diversity.
They all are my avatars.
I study, I am.
I am a student.

Books, you feed my THOUGHTS.
Exams, you sharpen my SKILLS.
Society, you foster my HOPES.
Nature, you nurture my NATURE.
They all are my friends.
I study, I am.
I am a student.

Arjuna, your life redefines FOCUS.
Ekalavya, your life redefines PRACTICE.
Bapu, your life redefines SIMPLICITY.
Lincoln, your life redefines FAILURE.
They all are my role models.
I study, I am.
I am a student.

Wednesday, February 24, 2016


  An "English Communication(EC)" classroom

Number of students: 30
Duration of the class: 2 hours
For whom: IELTS students and for those having personal interviews in future(for jobs,admissions etc.) and also for school students, college students and people who are interested in English communication skills


1. Main Exercise: A few speakers(seven or more) will speak on the selected topic for 2-3 minutes.

2. Ground Work Exercise: Before the main exercise starts a group of people(three or more) from the audience will act as friends(also called friendly circle) and ask the selected speaker a few questions informally and privately to guide him/her in thinking critically and 
comprehensibly about the topic in order to deliver a good speech publically. This can last for 1-2 minutes.

3. Interactive Session: After every speech is over, a few questions will be asked from the audience side about some of the points mentioned in the speech.

4. Doing the ABC: After the speaking exercise is over, the participants can do ABC that means Activity-Booklet Compilation. All the speakers who have delivered their speeches will make a booklet by compiling their speeches in written format for future reference. 


1. Slips: Making a lot of small slips on which the topics to speak are written, folded and kept on the speaking desk to pick and choose for the speaker.

2. Making a friendly circle: Selecting a few students from the first row(to begin with) to help the main speaker to think about the topic and compose a speech mentally.

3. Interaction and discussion: After the speech is delivered, the people in the audience can ask questions or reflect on the content of the speech to probe the topic further to understand and appreciate the English communication skills of the speaker.

Some of the topics for this exercise are

1. A typical festival in your country
2. One of the happiest events in your life
3. Your favourite institution
4. Your ideal home
5. The place where you grew up
6. A person from your childhood whom you admired very much
7. A skill which is also a hobby

A few more topics for doing this exercise are:
Your favourite food/dish
Your favourite actor/stage performer
Your favourite movie/drama
Your favourite short story/poem
Your favourite music/musical instrument
Your favourite dance form/dancer
Your favourite song/singer
Your favourite TV show/channel/personality/anchor
Your favourite historical personality/period
Your favourite country
Your favourite hotel/shop
Your favourite possession
Your favourite tourist spot
Your favourite hobby
Your favourite mode of travel
Your favourite subject to study
Your favourite friend
Your favourite leader/role model
Your favourite game/player
Your favourite celebrity
A person in your family 
What do you like the most about your "self"/job/life/place/state/country/world?
What do you dislike the most about your "self"/job/life/place/state/country/world?
A typical day in your life (a week day).
How do you spend your weekends?
The first day in your school/college/job
An important decision of your life.
A memorable family function
A memorable party
A memorable public function


Sunday, February 14, 2016


Literacy in English communication lies in understanding the most basic types of sentence-structures in English Communication. These are of 40 types.
Let's see the first four type of sentences:  
1.  I am on leave today.
2.  I have been on leave for a week.
3.  I was at home yesterday.
4.  I will be in office tomorrow.

Now making questions of Yes/No type:
1.  Are you on leave today?
2.  Have you been on leave for a week?
3.  Were you on leave yesterday?
4.  Will you be in office tomorrow?

In all these four sentences above we have used STATE verbs...Now let's see the next set of sentences(3):

5.  He has some work today.
6.  She had an exam yesterday.
7.  They will have an interview tomorrow.

Making questions of Yes/No type:
5.  Does he have any work today?
6.  Did she have any exam yesterday?
7.  Will they have any interview tomorrow?

In all these three sentences above we have used POSSESSION verbs....Now we can go to the next set of sentences(3):

8.  There is a meeting today.
9.  There was a class yesterday.
10. There will be programmes tomorrow.

Making questions of Yes/No type:
8.  Is there any meeting today?
9.  Was there any class yesterday?
10. Will there be any programmes tomorrow?

In all these three sentences above we have used OBJECTIVE REALITY.....Now let's see the next set of sentences(10):

11. We serve vegetarian food here.
12. Children love Amul ice cream for its flavour. 
13. They are preparing Masala Dosa now.
14. I am paying the bill in the evening.
15. I have booked three tickets now.
16. I have been waiting for one hour.
17. We spotted Asha in Calicut.
18. We were using Rakesh's laptop yesterday.
19. I will make the presentation with Rahim.
20. William will be interviewing you in the evening.

Making questions of Wh-type:
11.What kind of food do you serve here?
12. Why do children love Amul ice cream?
13. Which dish are they preparing now?
14. When are you paying the bill?
15. How many tickets have you booked now?
16. For how long have you been waiting?
17. Where did you spot Asha?
18. Whose laptop were you using yesterday?
19. With whom will you make the presentation? 
20. Who will be interviewing me in the evening?

In all these ten sentences above we have used ACTION verbs in ACTIVE voice...Now it's time for the next set of sentences(8):

21. Vegetarian food is served here.
22. Amul ice cream is loved by children for its flavour.
23. Masala Dosa is being prepared now.
24. The bill is being paid in the evening.
25. Three tickets have been booked.
26. Asha was spotted by us in Calicut.
27. Rakesh's laptop was being used by us yesterday.
28. The presentation will be made by Rahim and me.

Making questions of Yes/No-type:
21. Is vegetarian food served here?
22. Is Amul ice cream loved by children for its flavour?
23. Is Masala Dosa being prepared now?
24. Is the bill being paid in the evening?
25. Have the tickets been booked?
26. Was Asha spotted in Calicut?
27. Was Rakesh's laptop being used by us yesterday?
28. Will the presentation be made by Rahim and you?

In all these eight sentences above we have used ACTION verbs in PASSIVE voice...Now let's see the next set of sentences(10):

29. I can come.
30. I could come.
31. I might come.
32. I may come.
33. I shall/will come.
34. I should come.
35. I have to come.
36. I need to come.
37. I must come.
38. I would like to come.
39. I ought to come.
40. I used to come.

Making questions of Yes/No-type:
29. Can I come?
30. Could I come?
31. May I come?
32. May I come?
33. Shall I come?
34. Should I come?
35. Do I have to come?
36. Do I need to come?
37. Should I come?
38. Would I like to come?
39. Do I ought to come?
40. Did I come?

In all these twelve sentences above we have used MODAL verbs.

So with these forty sentences we have seen the most basic types of sentence-structures in English Communication(EC). We have now touched the heart of EC and also gained EC literacy...Congratulations!!!


The above ten types of action-sentences show that English language is more ACTION ORIENTED. It is also more focused on what is happening now or you can say it's PRESENT-BASED as there are six types of sentences to talk about PRESENT ACTIONS.

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Saturday, February 13, 2016



A formula to "Think and Speak in English"

Learning to think in English in 6 easy steps...

Before learning how to think in English let's first see what is a thought.
A thought is actually a consciousness about a state, a possession or an action. For eg. I am in a conversation(State-S), I have an idea(Possession-P), I will do it(Action-A).

A state can be Present,Past or Future.
A possession can also be Present,Past or Future.
An action can also be Present,Past or Future.
Now in all these thoughts the subject is mentioned first. But we can also say in this way:
There is a meeting today. There are ten people working here. 
Here it is like an outside observation or a comment about the subject. We can say it is of the type Objective Reality(R)
So in short any thought can be expressed as S P A R ie., State,Possession,Action and Reality.
This is the formula to think in English.
Now an interaction in all different ways of State, Possession, Action and Reality to express our thoughts.

I S T A T E 
1.Are you in the office? I am in my workplace now.(Present)
2.Were you in this shop yesterday? I was not in this shop.(Past) 
3.Will you be at home by 5 in the evening today? I will be at home by 5 p.m tomorrow.(Future)
4.How long have you been here in this city? I have been here for a month now.(Present state with Time period)

1.Does she have some work here? She has no work today.(Present)
2.Did she have any major work yesterday? She had some good work yesterday.(Past) 
3.Will she have any problems while driving on that route? She will be safe while driving.(Future)

1.Do you wake up before sunrise? I wake up with the Sun.(Habitual Action)
2.Do you like to wake up early and jog? I like to wake up early and jog everyday. (Mind Action)
3.Are you driving now? My friend is driving the car. (Present Live Action)
4.Are you going to the wedding today? I am going there in the evening. (Future Action in Present)
5.Have you attended the programme before ? I haven't attended the programme before. (Past Action in Present)
6.Have you been waiting for a long time? I have been waiting for an hour. (Present Live Action with duration of time)
7.Did you come here by 10 a.m? I came by 9 a.m. (Past Action in Past) 
8.Were you sitting here in the first session? I was sitting on that side in the first session. (Past Live Action) 
9.Will you act in this movie? I will act in this movie. (Future Action)
10.Will you be shooting today? I will be shooting tomorrow. (Future Live Action)

Two more actions:
I had written the script of the movie before the shooting began. (Past action before an event)
We will have released the movie by next Friday. (Future action before an event)

1.Is there any time left for the programme to start? There is some time left for the programme to start.
2.Was there any free time yesterday? There was some free time yesterday.
3.Will there be time tomorrow to do this work? There will be no time tomorrow to do this work.
4.Has there been any problems in the last one year with this laptop? There has been a few problems in the beginning.

1.Is the machine used everyday? The machine is used everyday.
2.Is this TV programme liked by all? This TV programme is enjoyed by all here.
3.Are the books being read now? All these books are being read now.
4.Are the dishes being served within ten minutes? The dishes are going to be served soon.
5.Has the problem been solved? The problem hasn't been solved yet.
6.Was the work completed yesterday? The work wasn't completed yesterday.
7.Which song was being recorded just now? "Jana Na" was being recorded just now.
8.Will you be given any new duties today? I may be given some new duties today.

1.Can you be my partner on this project? I would like to be your partner on this project. (STATE)
2.Shall we have a discussion on this? We should have a discussion to decide this. (POSSESSION)
3.May I come for the seminar? You must come for the seminar. (ACTION)
4.Will there be an interview tomorrow for this post? There might be an interview tomorrow. (REALITY)
5.Can this problem be solved in this way? This could be solved like this. (PASSIVE ACTION)


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